Common Sense and the Right of Public Accsess
Do not disturb, do not destroy – that is the basic principle of Estonia’s right of public access. It is not an unrestricted right. Here, you can read about the rules that apply.
The Estonian right of public access is not a law, nor is it an absolute right. It may ratherbe regarded as an opportunity, one that makes it possible for everyone to enjoy the countryside. But it is an opportunity that requires responsibility, consideration and good judgement. Rules describing the kinds of consideration that must be shown are incorporated into Estonia's environmental law, and apply to everyone who exercises the right of public access.
Respect others’ privacy
You may travel through the countryside on foot, bicycle, horse or skis, and temporarilyremain in one place, as long as there is no risk that your presence or activities will damage crops, tree plantations or other sensitive areas. But you must respect the privacy of others, and you may not cross or intrude upon private property.
It is permitted to set up a tent for a day or so on ground that is not used for agriculture and is far from the nearest dwelling. The closer to a residence and the greater the risk of disturbing others, the more important it is to ask the landowner for permission.
Do not litter
All sorts of littering are forbidden in the countryside. A cigarette butt in a dry summer forest can destroy resources worth millions. Glass, tins and bottle caps harm both humans and wildlife, and plastic bags cause great suffering to animals that ingest them. For this reason, bags full of litter should never be left beside rubbish bin if it happens to be full.
Blossoms and berries
You may not take such items as twigs, branches or bark from living trees, including birches. Obviously, you may not take entire shrubs or trees, either. But you are allowed to pick wild berries, flowers and mushrooms, as well twigs and branches that have fallen to the ground. Certain flower species are so rare that they risk becoming endangered. These species are protected and may not be picked. Information about them is available from county administrative boards. Orchids are protected throughout Estonia.
Protected natural areas
Protected natural areas, including nature reserves and national parks, usually have special rules that restrict the right of public access.
More information on the right of public access can be found on our website under About